The Energy and Resources Institute (TERI) and Shell have created this scenario sketch to explore the ongoing energy transition in India. It illustrates a technically possible, but highly challenging pathway to steer the domestic energy system towards net-zero emissions by 2050.

Achieving India’s economic development ambitions – significant growth, universal electricity access and clean modern cooking fuels for all – requires significant industrial capacity to achieve and, unless carefully managed, has the potential to increase greenhouse gas emissions.

But rather than follow the fossil-fuel development path previously pursued by advanced economies, India can take a different development path. By relying on lower-carbon sources of energy, the country has an opportunity to deliver economic growth, energy self-reliance and improved standards of living. With the right policies, the energy transition can provide opportunities for balanced and sustainable economic development that delivers a better quality of life for all.

Make no mistake, achieving it will not be easy. It calls for fundamental changes to the India energy system as it continues to develop.

Find out more by following the links below.


India Scenario sketch

Read the full report.

Summary sketch

Download a summary of the India scenario sketch.


See how sectors transform in the India scenario sketch infographic.


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